Saturday, October 23, 2010
August 12th, 1946
Quiet down please. Thank you. We’ve been given the task of gathering all the facts we can about the Leningrad raid, figuring out what happened and then to come up with a solution. Some of you have been involuntarily drafted and essentially dragged out of your homes in order to participate. We apologies but this blue ribbon committee has got to come up with a solution to our problem. Phil could you please outline what we know in broad terms?
Thank you Jim. This information is top secret, hence that is why all the cloak and dagger. A strategic raid was designed and executed on August 10th.
It was a small raid consisting of 242 B29s, 52 P51 escorts and 1 atomic bomb laden B29 and 1 empty a-bomb capable B29. As many of you know these last 2 planes are referred to as Silver Plates. From what we can piece together here is the chain of events.
As the raid approached Kotlin Island 30 miles West of the target Leningrad. What looked like 30 or so V2 type rockets lifted off and streaked towards the bombers.
8 to 9 of these missiles seemed to be directed into the bombers and hit and destroyed the same number of B29s.
1 of these missiles missed the bombers and hit one of the escorting P51 with the explosion so large that it critically damaged 4 other escorts flying nearby.
Many of the others appeared to be directed for a time but somehow lost contact and exploded harmlessly above and below the bomber stream
Following shortly after the ground launched missile attack a large number of what we think were Tu2 medium bombers launched dozens of rockets in the direction of the bombers.
There were some long nosed radial single engine fighters near the Tu2s of unknown design. Probably an escort that did engage the P51s. There was one report of the fighters also launching missiles at the bombers.
Some of these rockets again seemed to be guided by an invisible hand and slammed into the bomber formations with 24 B29s being destroyed in a matter of 3 minutes.
30 of the escorts were ordered to engage the medium bombers and as they did so the targeted Tu2s dove for the ground.
This last missile/rocket attack on the bomber force started to panic the formations and individual bombers tried to dodge the oncoming rockets and missiles. This caused 10 or 11 mid-air collisions which further panicked the bomber forces.
Chaos ensued and it was soon every plane for itself.
Waiting just out of gun range were an estimated 500 conventional Soviet fighters. Most were Yak 9UT models and perhaps a hundred Lag 7 models.
In addition there were 2 groups of 10 jets each of Soviet design. One group was a two engine job and the other a single engine air frame that looked very similar to a Yak 3.
These fighters used their superior positions and appeared to wait for the opportunity to pounce on any bomber who broke formation and ran as well as using their advantage on the escorting P51s who were low and slow after chasing medium bombers.
The portion of the TU2s who dove to escape the P51s dove to tree top level and then seemed to drag the Mustangs to pre arranged areas where high concentrations of anti-air guns were operational.
Between the Soviet fighters and ground based flak traps 21 fighters failed to return to their temporary Swedish bases.
Of the 242 bombers 73 failed to return to either their bases in England or the emergency bases in Sweden.
Both of the Silverplate B29s were shot down along with the Mark III atomic bomb.
The fate of the Mark III is unknown. It is possible that it survived intact and is on the floor of the Baltic Sea in Soviet Territory. Both bombers exploded in mid-air with no survivors.
It appears that our former allies have used their captured German scientists and the almost 12 months of peace in Western Europe to excellent use. They have developed some new weapons systems that were able to make this first battle of the strategic air war a disaster for the Army Air Corps.
Your job is to …
Figure out what the hell happened.
Come up with counter measures to prevent it from happening again
Implement a plan to use those counter measures that will enable us to put an end to this war.
You have unlimited authority to use any asset you may need to accomplish this task. This project is currently the highest priority of this war. You will not see your families and relatives until you accomplish your goal. You are possibly the key to winning or losing this war.
Thank you Phil…any questions? Good, now get to work.
Thursday, October 21, 2010
Monday, October 18, 2010
Teppop Squadron Number OneField Number 384
August 10th, 1946
Submitted by Maior Chistyakov
Commander of Teppop Interceptor Squadron Number 1
Mission 1 report
Flights One, Two and Four of Teppop Squadron Number 1 took off from Leningrad at 6:45 hours in anticipation of the American bomber raid on Leningrad. They redevoused with the 234th and 175th Medium Bomber Squadrons flying Tu2s fitted with conventional rockets.
Each Teppop was equipped with 2 X4 Wire Guided Sky to Sky Missiles.
Radar contact was made with the enemy bomber force at 7:12 hours. The Trepops followed the Tu2s and acted like they were escorting the medium bombers. When visual contact was made with the bomber formation 10 km East of Hogland Island. The Tu2s and Trepops were 2000 meters below and flying to the West paralleling the bombers course.
The American escorts did not react to the presence of the Teppops or the Tu2s. As planned the squadrons of conventional fighters made up of Lagg 7s and Yak 9UTs were maneuvering into position for attack. This seemed to attract and keep the attention of the American forces in the area as a large portion of the enemy escorts maneuvered into position to defend their bombers from this threat.
The Ground to Sky missiles were launched from Hogland Island and as planned. The Trepops held their fire until the first volley of ground missiles entered the bomber stream. On command each Teppop launched one missile each from positions above and behind the TU2s.
The primary target for the first volley of Flight 1's X4 missiles where the atomic bomb laden Silverplate bombers. These were easily identified using the information provided by the NKVD. Flight 1 targeted the lead bomber and the trailing plane. four missiles each were launched at each bomber. Flight 4 targeted the near-by bombers.
The trailing Silverplate bomber was hit and exploded. The missiles fired at the lead bomber missed their target. One of the Ground based missiles happened to hit the lead bomber just as Squadron 1 Flight 1 of the Trepops launched their second missile volley on the remaining Silverplate. After it became apparent that the last Silverplate was destroyed the missiles were directed into the general bomber stream with several scoring a hit.
At the same time the Tu2s started to launch their diversionary attack. After the first volley 30 American P51 escorts dove on the formation of Tu2s. The Teppops who had fired both of their missiles pretended to act as escorts for the medium bombers. Their orders were to appear to be escorts but under no circumstances where they to put their planes in jeopardy and to disengage as soon as possible and return to base.
The remaining Teppops continued to fire aimed volleys of X4 missiles unmolested by the fighter escorts who were chasing the fleeing Tu2s. The remaining missiles targeted B29 lead bombers who where still flying in formation. Dozens of bombers where hit and panic insued within the bomber formations. It was almost impossible for the untrained eye to tell which missiles and rockets were directed and which were not.
Of the 136 missiles fired 31 hit their targets. This high rate of success was possible due to the fact that the Teppop pilots where highly trained and were virtually unmolested while they guided their missiles to their targets. This was further made possible by the diversions caused by the ground based missiles and the large volume of unguided rockets fired by the TU2s. Both of these diversions caused the Teppops to be ignored and left unmolested to carry out their primary mission.
The combination of the Teppop and the X4 missile was an unmitigated success as long as the Teppop pilot is allowed the time to guide the missile to the target unmolested. The utmost care must be exercised to keep the existence of these weapons and their requirements for success a total secret from the enemy.
Report from Ground to Sky Missile Site #1Hogland Island
August 10th, 1946
By General Georg Malyshev
Commander of Ground to Sky Missile Battery Number One
Missile site was operational on August 8th at 11:43 hours.
At launch minus 3 hours, 30 X missiles were installed. At launch minus 1 hour the missiles guidance systems where calibrated and prepared to receive their fuel. The operators were on duty starting on August 10th at 04:00 hours.
Radar reported multiple targets in route from the West at 10,000 meters and a speed of 400 kph at 7:12 hours. The enemy formations were on time and on target just as we had been told to expect.
The skies were clear and visibility was unlimited.
Missiles were launched in volleys of 10 in a dispersed pattern at one minute intervals. This allowed the missile operators to follow their assigned missile and choose their targets. Despite this precaution 7 missiles were lost before reaching the 8km wire release and the Columba system could take over flight control.
The Columba system appeared to fail on 8 units and they passed harmlessly through the formation. One of these arrant missiles hit an escort fighter by chance and 4 others flying close by were damaged and eventually destroyed.
9 missiles performed as designed and were guided to their targets. 6 more were partially successful and damaged their targets.
Between the Missile Operator Corps and the Columba aiming system the success rate for the missiles was 30% destroyed and 20% damaged.
The main purpose of the ground based missile program was a success. It created panic in the bomber forces and caused them to break formation. At least 10 mid-air collisions were observed as the bombers tried to weave and dodge away from the missiles.
The American pilots could not discern between the directed missiles and the conventional rockets fired by the TU2s and panic ensued when the TU2s fired their undirected rockets in large numbers in the direction of the B29's.
Because of the previous behavior of the directed Columba headed missiles we assume that the capitalist pilots thought that all the missiles were capable of being guided. This was the designed outcome for this mission and it was a resounding success.
Once the bomber boxes where broken up by the panic of the pilots trying to avoid real or imagined threats the convention fighter force was able to pounce. Many of the bombers lost altitude while trying to allude real or imagined threats. Others dove to lower levels to avoid their own comrades. The end result was that most of the bombers were scattered, at lower altitudes, at slow speeds and in small isolated groups.
The escorts were engaged by our fighters and 13 were shot down when they followed the TU2s down to low level and into pre-set flak traps. Another 22 American escorts were claimed as victories by our fighter force.
The conclusion can only be that while the Ground to Sky Missile force did not inflict unsustainable damage it did achieve its main objective which was to break up the bomber formations. In addition they caused 10 mid-air collisions and spread panic among the bomber forces. The end result was that the surviving bombers were at lower attitude, at much slower speeds and did not reach their target.
The entire bomber force dropped their bomb loads into the Black Sea far from land.
In addition the Ground to Sky missiles created a screen or camouflage for the Teppop Interceptors and their X4 missiles. With the large number of missiles and rockets coming from all directions the Americans apparently had no idea of where the real threat was.
Addendum: One of the Missile Operators admitted after questioning that she had intentionally missed the target. She was immediatly hung as an example to the other operator